Brasov is the administrative centre of Brasov county, situated quite in the middle of Romania at about 170 km north from Bucharest. Being mentioned already since 1252, it was during most of the Middle Age (Kronstadt, Corona or Brassovia names were used simultaneously) the capital of the Transylvanian Saxons as well as an important commercial centre on the trade roads between Western Europe and Ottoman Empire. With about 380.000 inhabitants in the metropolitan area it is currently one of the main touristic and multi-cultural towns in Romania. The most impetuous industrial development of Brasov started in 1925 with the airplane manufacturing plant where the first Romanian fighter aircrafts were produced. Strong educational and scientific activities are currently undergoing in a couple of Universities, the most known being Transylvania University of Brasov.