Science and engineering of kesterites for the next generation of solar cells


Project Director: Dr. Aurelian Catalin Galca

Project code: PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2020-0827

Project director: Dr. Aurelian Catalin Galca

Project type: National

Project Program: Exploratory Research Projects (PCE)

Funded by:  Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research, UEFISCDI

Contractor: National Institute of Materials Physics

Project Status: In progress

Start Date: 4 January, 2021

End Date: 31 December, 2023

 

ABSTRACT:

The project aims to develop by concentration engineering Cu2ZnSn(Ge)S(Se) thin films using a novel simultaneous co-deposition using magnetron sputtering from 3 up to 6 different targets, revealing original scientific insights regarding the structural, optical and electrical properties of kesterites and the photovoltaic characteristics of corresponding solar cells in correlation with composition, and producing by interface engineering (front and contact innovations) new solar cells with efficiency near or above the present world record.

OBJECTIVES:

(i) Producing by concentration engineering kesterite and related thin films;

(ii) Revealing new scientific insights regarding the structural, optical and electrical properties of kesterites and solar cells in correlation with composition;

(iii) Producing by interface engineering new solar cells with efficiency near or above the present world record.

ESTIMATED RESULTS:

(i) correlation of structural, compositional, optical and electrical properties of kesterites with synthesis parameters;

(ii) optimization of deposition and thermal treatment processes towards films with unique crystalline phase;

(iii) to diminish the negative effects due to interfaces, achieving kesterite based solar cells and their optimization;

(iv) publication of articles in ISI high ranked journals, keeping out the possible IP issues.

(v) one patent application, if  appropriate.

Dr. Aurelian Catalin GALCA, project director https://publons.com/researcher/2858295/aurelian-catalin-galca/
Dr. Cristina BESLEAGA,  member, senior researcher https://publons.com/researcher/2715523/cristina-besleaga/
Dr. Alin VELEA, member, senior researcher https://publons.com/researcher/1651019/alin-velea/
Dr. Viorica STANCU, member, senior researcher https://publons.com/researcher/1685263/viorica-stancu/
Dr. Iosif-Daniel SIMANDAN, member, senior researcher
Dr. Roxana Elena PATRU, member, postdoctoral researcher https://publons.com/researcher/2015080/roxana-elena-e-patru/
Dr. Mohamed Yassine ZAKI,  member, postdoctoral researcher
Andrei Gabriel TOMULESCU, member, postdoctoral researcher https://publons.com/researcher/1793756/andrei-gabriel-c-tomulescu/
Outman EL KHOUJA, member, Ph.D. student.

Stage I summary:

Project PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2020-0827 (contract PCE74/2021) aims to open perspectives for the realization of a new kesterite based photovoltaic cells. Starting from this general objective, Stage I of the PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2020-0827 (2021.01.01 - 2021.12.31) research project was dedicated to: (1) Producing of kesterite and related thin films, and  (2) Revealing new scientific insights regarding the structural, optical and electrical properties of kesterites and solar cells in correlation with composition.

Delivered results:

1 presentation (oral, invited) held at International e-Conference on Advances in Materials Science;
1 presentation (poster type) held at 36th International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME 2021);
3 articles published in journals indexed in Web of Science®, with impact factor.
The scientific report cannot be yet divulged on the project website, as the results are in the process of being published, but it can be accessed upon request at UEFISCDI.

2021: THE SYNTHETIC SCIENTIFIC REPORT no. 1 in .pdf format is available at UEFISCDI, and can be accessed by request.

Web of Science® articles - published or accepted:

  • 01. M.Y. Zaki^, F. Sava, A.T. Buruiana, I.D  Simandan^, N. Becherescu, A.C. Galca^, C. Mihai, A. Velea*,^, Synthesis and Characterization of Cu2ZnSnS4 Thin Films Obtained by Combined Magnetron Sputtering and Pulsed Laser DepositionNANOMATERIALS 11 (2021) 2403. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11092403
  • 02. E.P. Goncearenco*, A.M. Rostas, A.C. Galca^, G. Colibaba, D.D. Nedeoglo, Activation ability of Gd dopant in the ZnSe single crystals; JOURNAL OF LUMINESCENCE 238 (2021) 118314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2021.118314
  • 03. O. El Khouja^, A.C. Galca*,^,  M.Y. Zaki^, · A. Talbi, · H. Ahmoum, ·K. Nouneh*, · M. Ebn Touhami,· M.Taibi,· E. Matei, · M. Enculescu, · L. Pintilie,  Secondary phases and their influence on optical and electrical properties of electrodeposited Cu2FeSnS4 films; APPLIED PHYSICS A-MATERIALS SCIENCE & PROCESSING 127 (2021) 887. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-021-05038-y
  • 04. O. El Khouja^, C.C. Negrila, K. Nouneh, M. Secu,  M. Ebn Touhami, E. Matei, V. Stancu^, M. Enculescu, V. Kuncser, A.C. Galca*,^, Bulk and surface characteristics of co-electrodeposited Cu2FeSnS4 thin films sulfurized at different annealing temperatures; JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS 906 (2022) 164379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2022.164379
  • 05. M.Y. Zaki*,^, O. El Khouja^, K. Nouneh, M. Ebn Touhami, E. Matei, S. Azmi, M.I. Rusu, C.E.A. Grigorescu, S. Briche, M. Boutamart, P. Badica, M. Burdusel, M. Secu, L. Pintilie,  A.C. Galca^, ZnS stacking order influence on the formation of Zn-poor and Zn-rich Cu2ZnSnS4 phase; JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE: MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS 33 (2022) 11989-12001. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-022-08160-6
  • 06. M. Y. Zaki^, F. Sava, I. D. Simandan^, A. T. Buruiana, C. Mihai, A. Velea*,^, A. C. Galca^, Effect of the stacking order, annealing temperature and atmosphere on crystal phase and optical properties of Cu2SnS3; SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 12 (2022) 7956. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-12045-3
  • 07. M. Y. Zaki^, F. Sava, I. D. Simandan^, A. T. Buruiana, I. Stavarache, A.E. Bocirnea, C. Mihai, A. Velea*,^, A. C. Galca^, A Two-Step Magnetron Sputtering Approach for the Synthesis of Cu2ZnSnS4 Films from Cu2SnS3\ZnS Stacks; ACS OMEGA 7 (2022) 23800. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.2c02475
  • 08. O. El Khouja^, I. Assahsahi, K. Nouneh,  M. Ebn Touhami, M. Secu, A. Talbi, Y. Khaissa, E. Matei, V. Stancu^, A. Galatanu, A.C. Galca*,^, Structural and transport properties of Cu2CoSnS4 films prepared by spray pyrolysis; CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL  (2022) . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2022.07.185

International Conferences:

  • 01. A.C. Galca^; Optical and Structural Characterization of P-type Emerging Materials for Photovoltaics, International e-Conference on Advances in Materials Science, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nandu, India, 24–26.03.2021, (oral/invited).
  • 02. O. El Khouja^, A.C. Galca^, K. Nouneh, E. Matei, C.C. Negrila, V. Kuncser; CEMS Investigation of CFTS Electrodeposited Films, 36th International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME 2021), Brașov, Romania, 6-9.09.2021, (poster).
  • 03.  A.C. Galca^; Facts and Artifacts in XRD, Tunisian Powder Diffraction School 2022, Monastir, Tunisia, 27–30.03.2022, (oral/invited).
  • 04. A.C. Galca^; Materials for Energy: Structural Characterization, Tunisian Powder Diffraction School 2022, Monastir, Tunisia, 27-30.03.2022, (oral/invited).
  • 05. O. El Khouja^, K. Nouneh, M. Ebn Touhami, E. Matei, A.C. Galca^; Structural investigations of stannite films, Tunisian Powder Diffraction School 2022, Monastir, Tunisia, 27–30.03.2022, (oral).
  • 06. O. El Khouja^, K. Nouneh, M. Ebn Touhami, A. Talbi, Y. Khaaissa, E. Matei, M. Enculescu, V. Stancu^, A.C. Galca^; Growth and properties of Cu2NiSnS4 (CNTS) films using spray pyrolysis, E-MRS 2022 Spring Meeting, Virtual Conference, 30.05–03.06.2022, (poster).
  • 07. A.C. Galca^; P-type emerging materials for photovoltaics: facts and artifacts in optical and structural characterization, Advanced Functional Materials for Optics, Lasers and Photovoltaics Applications, Kenitra, Morocco, 14-16.06.2022, (oral/invited).
  • 08. O. El Khouja^, V. Stancu^, C.C. Negrila, K. Nouneh, M. Ebn Touhami, E. Matei, M. Enculescu, A.C. Galca^; Back contact effect on co-electrodeposited Cu2FeSnS4 stannite films, 9th International Conference on Optical, Optoelectronic and Photonic Materials and Applications, Ghent, Belgium, 03–08.07.2022, (poster).
  • 09. A.C. Galca^, A.G. Tomulescu^, O. El Khouja^, M.Y. Zaki^, V. Toma, I.D. Simandan^, A. Velea^, V. Stancu^; Co-sputtered Cu2ZnSnS4 Based Photovoltaic Cells: Results, Challenges and Perspectives, 9th International Conference on Optical, Optoelectronic and Photonic Materials and Applications, Ghent, Belgium, 03–08.07.2022, (oral).
  • 10. A.C. Galca^,  O. El Khouja^, A.G. Tomulescu^, M.Y. Zaki^, I.D. Simandan^, V. Stancu^, V. Toma, A. Velea^; Challenges and Perspectives of  Sputtered Cu2ZnSnS4 Based Solar Cells, 20th International Balkan Workshop on Applied Physics and Materials Science (IBWAP), Constanta, Romania, 12–15.07.2022, (oral).
  • 11. O. El Khouja^, C.C. Negrila, K. Nouneh, M. Ebn Touhami, E. Matei, V. Kuncser, A.C. Galca^; Bulk and structural investigations of co-electrodeposited Cu2FeSnS4 stannite films, 20th International Balkan Workshop on Applied Physics and Materials Science (IBWAP), Constanta, Romania, 12–15.07.2022, (oral).

*corresponding author

^project team member


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