CONTROLUL PROPRIETATILOR ELECTRONICE IN HETEROSTRUCTURI BAZATE PE PEROVSKITI FEROELECTRICI: DE LA TEORIE LA APLICATII


Project Director: Dr. Lucian Pintilie

ID-ul Proiectului: PN-III-P4-ID-PCCF-2016-0047 (contract PCCF nr. 16 din 2018)

Director de Proiect: Dr. Lucian Pintilie

Tipul proiectului: National

Programul de incadrare al proiectului: Programul 4 - Cercetare fundamentala si de frontiera: Proiecte de Complexe de Cercetare de Frontiera

Finantare: Unitatea Executiva pentru Finantarea Invatamantului Superior, a Cercetarii, Dezvoltarii si Inovarii - UEFISCDI

Contractor: INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE - DEZVOLTARE PENTRU FIZICA MATERIALELOR

Status: In progress

Data de inceput: 10 octombrie 2018

Data finalizarii: 9 octombrie 2022

Rezumatul Proiectului:

Obiectivul principal al proiectului este de a obtine materiale feroelectrice cu proprietati electronice controlabile la acelasi nivel la care aceastea sunt controlate in Si. Acest lucru va fi realizat prin dopaje heterovalente, corelate cu inginerie de stres mecanic si de banda interzisa, si fara a afecta, pe cat posibil, proprietatile feroelectrice. Obiectivul proiectului este complex si ambitios, intrucat pana in prezent nu a fost demonstrate posibilitatea de a obtine conductie de tip n si/sau p in feroelectrici epitaxiali. Atingerea cu succes a obiectivului va permite deschiderea unui nou domeniu, acela de electronica feroelectrica sau ferotronica, prin realizarea de dispozitive electronice de tip homodioada p-n sau transistor cu jonctiuni folosind materiale feroelectrice. Doua tipuri de materiale sunt avute in vedere, si anume titano-zirconatul de plumb (PZT) cu structura tetragonala si amestecul de ferita de bismut (BFO) cu cromat de bismut

(BCO). In primul caz se vor realiza dopaje heterovalente pe pozitii Pb sau Zr/Ti cu scopul de obtine conductie de tip n si p. Scopul final este obtinerea unei homo-jonctiuni p-n pe baza de PZT epitaxial. In al doilea caz se va incerca modificarea benzii interzise prin varierea raportului

Fe/Cr precum si identificarea tipului dominant de conductie, scopul fiind de a utiliza materialul in aplicatii fotovoltaice. Activitatea va contine: studii teoretice privind relatia intre dopanti, proprietatile electronice si cele feroelectrice, incluzand efecte de auto-dopaj sau de dopaj

electrostatic, activitati de preparare a tintelior ceramice masive pentru depunere de straturi subtiri, activitati de crestere epitaxiala a structurilor, precum si activitati de caracterizare complexa a structurii si proprietatilor. Se are in vedere nu numai dopajul clasic in tinta ci si dopajul controlat in timpul depunerii epitaxiale. Consortiul este constituit din 4 echipe de

cercetatori de la 3 institutii diferite, incluzand un numar de 14 tineri FTE.

No.

Crt.

Teams - Institution Vacant

position

First Name Last Name Role in project
1 Team 1 - Coordinator(CO)-NIMP NO Lucian Pintilie Experienced Researcher
2 Coordinator(CO) NO Neculai Plugaru Experienced Researcher
3 Coordinator(CO) NO Lucian Dragos Filip Experienced Researcher
4 Coordinator(CO) NO Cristina Chirila Postdoc Researcher
5 Coordinator(CO) NO Andra Georgia Boni Postdoc Researcher
6 Coordinator(CO) NO Luminita Hrib Postdoc Researcher
7 Coordinator(CO) NO Roxana Radu Postdoc Researcher
8 Coordinator(CO) NO Ioana Pintilie Experienced Researcher
9 Coordinator(CO) NO Iuliana Pasuk Experienced Researcher
10 Coordinator(CO) NO Lucian Trupina Experienced Researcher
11 Coordinator(CO) NO Viorica Stancu Experienced Researcher
12 Coordinator(CO) NO Andrei Tomulescu PhD Student
13 Coordinator(CO) NO Cristina Besleaga-Stan Postdoc Researcher
14 Coordinator(CO) NO Aurelian Galca Experienced Researcher
15 Coordinator(CO) NO George Stan Experienced Researcher
16 Coordinator(CO) NO Liliana Trinca PhD Student
17 Coordinator(CO) NO Dorin Rusu Master’s Student
18 Coordinator(CO) NO Daniela Dogaru Master’s Student
19 Coordinator(CO) YES PhD Student
20 Team 2 - Partner 1(P1)-NIMP NO Cristian Mihail Teodorescu Experienced Researcher
21 Partner 1(P1) NO Nicoleta Apostol Postdoc Researcher
22 Partner 1(P1) NO Liviu Tanase PhD Student
23 Partner 1(P1) NO Ioana Cristina Bucur PhD Student
24 Partner 1(P1) NO Amelia Bocirnea PhD Student
25 Partner 1(P1) NO Corneliu Ghica Experienced Researcher
26 Partner 1(P1) NO Raluca Negrea Postdoc Researcher
27 Partner 1(P1) NO Andrei Kuncser PhD Student
28 Partner 1(P1) NO Daniela Ghica Experienced Researcher
29 Partner 1(P1) NO Mariana Stefan Experienced Researcher
30 Partner 1(P1) NO Ionel Stavarache Postdoc Researcher
31 Partner 1(P1) NO Ana Maria Lepadatu Postdoc Researcher
32 Partner 1(P1) YES PhD Student
33 Team 3 - Partner 2(P2)-NIIMT NO Daniel Bilc Experienced Researcher
34 Partner 2(P2) NO Liviu Petru Zarbo Experienced Researcher
35 Partner 2(P2) NO Sorina Garabagiu Postdoc Researcher
36 Partner 2(P2) YES PhD Student
37 Team 4 - Partner 3(P3)-PUB NO Adelina Carmen Ianculescu Experienced Researcher
38 Partner 3(P3) NO Daniela Cristina Berger Experienced Researcher
39 Partner 3(P3) NO Mihaela Alina Melinescu Experienced Researcher
40 Partner 3(P3) NO Mihai Eftimie Experienced Researcher
41 Partner 3(P3) NO Bogdan Vasile Experienced Researcher
42 Partner 3(P3) NO Adina Mara Mihai PhD Student
43 Partner 3(P3) NO Vasile Adrian Surdu PhD Student
44 Partner 3(P3) NO Iuliana Madalina Stanciu Master’s Student
45 Partner 3(P3) YES

PhD Student

Scientific Report Phase 2, 2019

Important results 

Theory and modelling-effect of dopants on PTO energetic structure 

Figure 1: Comparison of total DOS between the non doped PTO structure (a) and three cases of unsuccessful p-type dopant: b) Na substitution of Pb atom; c) Pb vacancy and d) Na substitution of Ti atom.

Figure 2: Total DOS comparison between the non doped PTO (top plot) and the spin polarized total DOS for the Fe substitution of Ti atom case (bottom plot). The red and blue lines represent the contribution to the DOS of the Fe atom (spin-up in red and spin-down in blue).

PZT thin films-properties 

It was evidenced that the background static dielectric constant in PZT is of low value and depends on the amount of structural defects and on the magnitude of the applied electric field. 

Fig. 3a) The thickness dependence of the dielectric constant evaluated from C-V measurements performed at 100 kHz. Evaluation was performed in three cases: at 0V “static”; at 0V “dynamic”; at maximum applied voltage “dynamic”; b) TEM images for 20 nm and 150 nm thick samples (inside each image the notations are a-low magnification image cross-section; b-SAED image; c-low magnification HR-TEM image; d-high magnification HR-TEM image of PZT/SRO interface and SRO/STO interfaces; these images demonstrate the high quality of the epitaxial growth). 

Memcapacitance and memcomputing was demonstrated in layered ferroelectric structures 

FIG. 4. Logic operation using an F-I -F capacitor. The representation of the polarization states in an F-I -F structure during different stages (initialization and computation) of a logic operation for the OR/NOR case (a) and for the AND/NAND case (b), together with the corresponding simulations of the logic operations obtained by changing the capacitance state (HCS or LCS) of the system using different combinations of pulses. The HCS and LCS states can have 0 or 1 values associated for logic operations and the results are memorized on the computation cell and can be accessed at any time. 

 

FIG. 5. Multiple stable states with continuous capacitive values. (a) A continuous spectrum of capacitance values, with stable intermediate states measured for the STO interlayer case at 1 kHz frequency with 0.5-V ac signal; insets show schematic illustrations of polarization configurations associated with distinct capacitive states. (b) An example of a voltage sequence combining pulses with different amplitudes and polarities used to access different capacitive states. (c) The piezoresponse phase signal obtained using the poling map: the upper PZT layer present totally reverses polarization toward the surface for negative applied bias (bright central rectangular zone) while for positive bias the polarization remains partially reversed, forming with 180domain structure. (d) The piezoresponse phase signal obtained by applying the poling map with a voltage gradient on the totally reversed polarization area from (c): the switching of polarization takes place gradually with increasing the amplitude of voltage; different degrees of partial switching of polarization are obtained in the 8–37 V range. 

It was shown, by XPS analysis, that the compensation mechanism changes from intrinsic (with carriers generated in ferroelectric by self-doping) to extrinsic (with carriers from metal electrodes, as the electrode thickness increases.  

Variation of the atomic O/Ti ratio indicating the source of oxygen vacancy (a) for the system ferroelectric/metal, with different electrode metals and polarization orientations (b). (c) the charge profile associated to oxygen vacancy density for different thicknesses of the metal layer. (d) the band bending at the interface.  

Nr. Titlu, jurnal, etc. Autori IF AIS
1 Memcomputing and Nondestructive Reading in Functional Ferroelectric Heterostructures PHYSICAL REVIEW APPLIED 12, 024053 (2019) Georgia A. Boni, Lucian D. Filip ,* Cristina Chirila, Alin Iuga, Iuliana Pasuk, Luminita Hrib, Lucian Trupina, Ioana Pintilie, and Lucian Pintilie 4.532 1.832
2

Polarization branches and optimization calculation strategy applied to ABO(3) ferroelectrics MODELLING AND SIMULATION IN MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING   Volume: 27   Issue: 4     Article Number: 045008   Published: JUN 2019

Filip, Lucian D.; Plugaru, Neculai; Pintilie, Lucian 1.826 0.672
3

Low value for the static background dielectric constant in epitaxial PZT thin films Scientific Reports | (2019) 9:14698 | https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-51312-8

Georgia Andra Boni, Cristina F lorentina Chirila, Luminita Hrib, Raluca Negrea, Lucian Dragos Filip, Ioana Pintilie & Lucian Pintilie 4.011 1.286
4

Designing functional ferroelectric interfaces from first-principles: Dipoles and band bending at oxide heterojunctions New Journal of Physics (accepted)

Rusu, Dorin; Filip, Lucian; Pintilie, L; Butler, Keith; Plugaru, Neculai  3.783 1.489
5

Impact on Ferroelectricity and Band Alignment of Gradually Grown Au on BaTiO3 PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI-RAPID RESEARCH LETTERS   Volume: 13   Issue: 7     Article Number: 1900077   Published: JUL 2019

Popescu, Dana Georgeta; Husanu, Marius Adrian; Chirila, Cristina; Pintilie, Lucian; Teodorescu, Cristian Mihail 3.729 0.790
6

The interplay of work function and polarization state at the Schottky barriers height for Cu/BaTiO3 interface Applied Surface Science, accepted

D.G. Popescu, M.A. Husanu, C. Chirila, L. Pintilie and C.M. Teodorescu 5.155 0.671
7

(Ba,Sr)TiO3 solid solutions sintered from sol-gel derived powders: An insight into the composition and temperature dependent dielectric behavior Ceramics International, accepted

Roxana Elena Patru, Constantin Paul Ganea, Catalina-Andreea Stanciu, Vasile-Adrian Surdu, Roxana Trusca, Adelina-Carmen Ianculescu, Ioana Pintilie, Lucian Pintilie

 

3.450 0.454
  26.486 7.194

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